Basic terms of poetry


A huge number of textbooks on prosody, it would seem, eliminates the need to write another one. Poems by young poets continue to "delight" its pristine with the laws of versification. So I decided to write a possible very short tutorial. Not even a tutorial and some tips on the form of verse. Claims concerning the content young authors perceive particularly painful, but to the claims to form sometimes listen. And the rules are very simple. When a person sits to play chess, he said: pawn moves, the knight so. All clear?

Later, if one wanted to, a young player learns that there are certain proven a million parties, debuts of course he will resist and come up with their original but any master will show him in three moves that is already invented, and all you need is to follow the theory. Any deviation from which young player will be punished with a quick loss. The situation is similar in versification.

The less he knows the young poet, the more it tends to the discovery of new laws. This is understandable from a psychological point of view, their ignorance, their mistakes is much more beneficial to present as a conscious innovation, innovation.

Let's try to educate young chess player, or rather, of man how to write poetry I deliberately avoid calling him a poet, because the knowledge of the basic rules of moves does not make a lover grandmaster poet. So, the first steps.

Step one. Meter. This is what is often called the rhythm but the rhythm and meter of a few different things. Rhythm have very many processes, heartbeats, job automotive motor, the seasons and the phases of the moon. All these processes are repeated according to certain rules, namely, the repetition, the alternation of certain elements called rhythm. In the heart again some elements, the change of seasons.

Rhythm has and prosaic speech. The basis of poetic language lies in the alternation of percussion and unstressed vowels. In Russian versification, a total of five variants of such combinations, they are called in verse or meter. Two sizes of two-syllable, two syllables, three sizes three syllables, respectively, consisting of three syllables.

Disyllabic size: iambic and ferrets. This is when the first syllable of the shock (can be illustrated as / is where / stressed vowels, and unstressed) and the second no, on the contrary/. In sizes such combinations are: dactyl (/--), the amphibrach (-/-), anapest (--/). These small fragments are called foot, among them is the verse they verse number is called stop can be arbitrary, but if you have started to write verse in iambic pentameter, it is recommended to continue at the same pace.