Definition of plagiarism and its form


"Plagiarism involves the use of intellectual material received by another person without recognizing its source."

Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic norms and rules of conduct for both students and scholars.

"Plagiarism - the appropriation of authorship to someone else's work of science, literature, art or to someone else's discovery, invention or innovative proposition, as well as the use in their works of someone else's work without reference to authorship."

In the academic environment, plagiarism is most often expressed in a publication under the own name of someone else's text or in the borrowing of fragments of someone else's text without specifying the source of borrowing.

Several types of plagiarism are common among students and scholars:

  • Copying someone else's scientific work or several works and publishing a result under their own name;
  • Creating a mixture of own and borrowed text without proper citation of sources;
  • Rewrite (paraphrase of someone else's work without mentioning the original author). This type of plagiarism, if it is made more or less perfectly, today is difficult to identify with technical means of seeking plagiarism (anti-plagiarism programs such as this:

The main factors of the spread of plagiarism among the students, in their opinion, include the following:

  • the need for a large volume of written work during the academic semester / year;
  • repeatability / irrelevance of written works / gap between themes and current / actual / interesting needs;
  • a large amount of theoretical material in writing;
  • lack of practical application (prospects of application) of results of work;
  • lack of understanding of the necessity and purpose of writing written works (not profiled, not interesting, obsolete objects);
  • common actions related to the conditions for writing works in high school;
  • teacher's attitude to plagiarism (neutral or openly tolerant);
  • low level of professionalism, motivation and interest of teachers;
  • lack of clear and universal standards for assessing the originality of texts, as well as its relevance to the evaluation of written work.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is called copying other people's thoughts without reference to the author.

Often from the teachers you can hear the phrase like:

"This is not an independent study, but a good compilation."

Under compilation and understood independent literature or scientific work, based on the combination of parts of others' research or works.

But this is not a plagiarism, if there is a reference to them, this is a referencing.


For plagiarism, they lower their assessment of work, they are not allowed to defend, make remarks, express dissatisfaction, deduct from the university, because, in essence, plagiarism is a crime, theft of other people's thoughts.

In the task of writing, one needs to determine what independence is, how exactly a student must implement it in the work. After all, there are types of works or their content parts, where without referencing cannot do.

Of course, strange thoughts must necessarily be in writing, but they must:

  • have a link to the author and be properly arranged;
  • to be relevant, the expediency of using these authors and approaches in work should be substantiated.

At the same time, the application of the scientific idea, the plot, the theme of any other work, which is expressed in a different form, is not recognized as a plagiarism, since in this case the authors may come to different conclusions.