What is haiku and how to write it Part 1


Haiku traditional Japanese poetry form, genre, and poetic miniatures, just, simply, succinctly and accurately depicting nature and man in their indissoluble unity.

Traditional Japanese haiku is a 17-difficult poem, written in the hieroglyphic one column (row), consisting of three rhythmic parts in 5-7-5 syllables. Internally the haiku is divided generally into two parts 12+5 or 5+12. Translations and haiku written in other languages are usually written in three lines.

As a rule, in the smaller of these parts contains seasonal word or phrase, giving to understand in what time of year is an action verse. This can be a direct indication of the season "autumn evening", or the word, which was "enshrined" a particular seasonal value, for example, "moon", "irises", "crab", etc.

Haiku stood out as a genre in the development process of the poetic game by appending the alternating and called (literally, "comic Renga"), later called "rank".

An important link to Frank was the first poem called the hokku (initial verse). Haiku had special qualities in comparison with other stanzas of the chain: the presence, as well as the pause between the two parts. In addition, haiku had an innuendo, incompleteness, interpretation and thereby encourage the reader or the participant in addition to Frank for co-creation in the process of deploying a chain of images.

Gradually haiku began to be perceived as a separate major works and gave rise to an independent genre of HAIKU, which won one of the main places in Japanese poetry.

Today haiku has won a huge number of fans around the world. Write a haiku. If you are interested in this genre, try writing a haiku when you stick to a few rules below.

The issue with the number of syllables of a haiku, has long been considered solved. Some syllables and sound units in Japanese are different things, you can only follow the General scheme of arrangement of syllables, remembering, however, about brevity and conciseness. Write in three lines. Do not exceed the formula 5-7-5 more than half, the position in each line 10 syllables and try one of the lines to do a little longer than the other two.

After long years of literary discussions and attempts to move away from the Canon of modern Japanese poets in the majority agreed to accept obligatory presence in haiku seasonal words. According to them, necessary because they entail certain associations, which significantly expands the semantic and emotional capacity of the poem. Besides, the tradition of using seasonal words formed much earlier haiku poetry tank, and is an important part of Japanese culture.