What is lyric poetry? Part 4


Of particular difficulty - and therefore the pinnacle of poetic technique - is a wreath of sonnets: a cycle of 15 poems, the opening line of each of which is the last line of the preceding, and the last line of the 14th of the poem is the first line of the first. A fifteenth sonnet comprises the first lines of all 14 sonnets of the cycle.

In the school literary criticism is a genre of poetry as a lyric poem. In the classical literature of this genre does not exist. In the curriculum it introduced some simplification of a complex system of lyric genres: if a genre bright signs of works it is impossible to allocate the poem is not in the strict sense nor an ode, nor a hymn nor an Elegy or a sonnet, it will be defined as a lyrical poem. In this case, you should pay attention to the individual characteristics of the poem: the specificity of the shape, the theme, the image of a lyrical character, mood, etc. So, for lyric poems (in the school sense) should include the poems.

It covers almost all the lyrics of the twentieth century, especially if the authors did not specify the genre works.

Satire (lat. "a mixture of all sorts of things") - as a poetic genre: the work, the content of which is rebuked, social phenomena, human or individual vices of people by derision. Satire in ancient Roman literature (satire of Juvenal, Martial, etc.). New development the genre has received in the literature of classicism. The content of the satire characteristic ironic tone, allegorical, Aesopian language, often using the technique of "speaking names". In literature in the genre of satire worked (XVIII-XIX centuries), in the twentieth century as the author of the Satyr became famous. A poem from "Poems about America" also be called satyrs ("Six nuns", "black & white", "a Skyscraper in context", etc.).

Ballad - lyric-epic narrative poem are fantastic, satirical, historical, fabulous, legendary, humorous, etc. nature. The ballad originated in ancient times (I assume in the early middle ages) as a folk ritual song-dance genre, and this is due to its genre features: strict rhythm, narrative structure (in the ancient ballads that told of heroes and gods), the presence of repeats (repeat entire lines or individual words as a separate verse), called a refrain.

In the eighteenth century the ballad was one of the most popular poetic genres of the literature of romanticism. Ballads created by F. Schiller ("the Cup", "Glove"), Goethe ("the Forest king"), ("ANCHAR", "Groom"); at the turn of XIX-XX centuries the ballad once again revived and has become extremely popular, especially in the revolutionary era, in the period of revolutionary romanticism. Among poets of the twentieth century.